Home | PCOS & PCOD

What Is PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex of conditions that ensue primarily from hormonal imbalances and known to afflict women of reproductive years. If you suffer from PCOS, you might have irregular periods, acne, hair loss, and other additional symptoms. It facilitates the production of excessive androgen in your body that impedes the development and release of eggs during ovulation, hence, disrupting the normal cycle of menstruation.

Anatomically, in PCOS/PCOD, tiny fluid-filled sacs transpire along the edges of the ovaries. These cysts contain eggs, albeit in their immature states. However, owing to immaturity, the follicles can’t release the eggs periodically.

Difference Between PCOS & PCOD

There is confusion surrounding PCOS & PCOD that they are uttered in the same breath and thought similar. However, according to a doctor for PCOS treatment in Newtown, there exists a subtle difference between the two.

In PCOD (the disorder), the ovaries release immature eggs, leading to hormonal imbalances and swelling of the ovaries.

On the other hand, in PCOS (the syndrome), hormonal imbalances and endocrine problems boost the production of excess androgens in the body, which, in turn, causes the eggs to become cysts. So, the main difference is: in PCOD, the immature eggs are released, and in PCOS, the eggs agglomerate as cysts.

Normal Delivery

Symptoms Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

In terms of symptoms, the manifestations of PCOS and PCOD are almost alike in many regards:

Irregular Menstruations

The pattern of menstruation can manifest in two distinct ways in the case of PCOS. Firstly, having few menstrual periods separated by a wide gap of time and secondly, having heavy and prolonged periods can both hint at an underlying PCOS/PCOD condition. Often, PCOS patients report having fewer than nine periods a year. With irregularity in ovulation, you might face trouble getting pregnant.

Excess Androgen

The presence of a high level of androgen may bring forth unwanted facial and body hair. Male pattern baldness and severe acne are also no strangers to PCOS patients.

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The accumulation of cysts might make your ovaries bigger. Follicles containing immature eggs take root around the edges of the ovary.

Causes Of PCOS

Though there are many disputes and debates as to the exact causes, Dr Shivanjali Nayak, doctor of PCOS treatment in Newtown, highlights the following factors as underlying causes:

Overproduction Of Insulin

A high level of insulin in your body may trigger androgen production, which, in turn, can interfere with your ovulation.

Overproduction Of Androgen

Falling under the sway of hormonal imbalances, the ovaries end up producing excess androgen hormones, which, in turn, bring about acne and abnormal facial hair growth (hirsutism), and even male pattern baldness.


Genetic disposition is also another responsible factor for PCOS/PCOD. It is possible to establish that genetic correlation has been the puppeteer behind hormonal imbalances.

Treatment of PCOS

PCOS usually requires lifelong treatments to manage the myriad of symptoms, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne, or obesity. PCOS treatment in Newtown usually proceeds in the following ways:

Lifestyle Modifications:

The gynecologist treating you might recommend dietary regulations to control your weight. Even a modest reduction in your weight (let’s say around 5%) can positively facilitate your treatment experience. Losing weight also contributes to the effectiveness of PCOS medications, and it can, in the long run, help you achieve your goals concerning pregnancy.


The PCOS medications usually aim at the twofold goals of regulating your hormonal imbalance and treating the auxiliary symptoms like acne, balding, and unwanted hair growth.

To this end, the doctor for PCOS treatment might suggest you the following types of medications:

    • Combination Of Birth Control Pills:

    These pills contain both estrogen and progestin and hence, function as an effective deterrent against hormonal imbalances. These pills also decrease your risks of endometrial cancer, irregular menstruation, and acne, aside from helping to maintain hormonal homeostasis.

    • Progestin Therapy:

    Some gynecologists also prescribe progestin for 10 to 14 days every 1 to 2 months to streamline your menstrual cycle and reduce your risks of endometrial cancer.


    Often the formation of ovarian cysts on the edges can cause excruciating pelvic pain in tandem with heavy bleeding and painful menstruation. Certain variations of laparoscopic surgeries, such as laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy, might be performed to excise and remove these cysts.

    Why Choose Dr. Shivanjali For PCOS Treatment In Newtown?

    PCOS usually requires lifelong treatments to manage the myriad of symptoms, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne, or obesity. PCOS treatment in Newtown usually proceeds in the following ways:
    Being a lady doctor herself, she approaches the condition with profound compassion and dedicated support.
    She is well-versed in all kinds of symptom-management techniques that bear fruits in PCOS treatment.
    She has a monumental 22 years of experience in treating different gynecological conditions along with PCOS.
    She is well-versed in the nitty-gritty of laparoscopic surgeries, and thereby, she excels at surgically removing painful cysts with the aid of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy.
    Her profound experience, compassionate care, and surgical acumen have helped her emerge as the best doctor for PCOS treatment in Newtown.