Female infertility refers to difficulty in conceiving or carrying a pregnancy to full term despite unprotected, regular intercourse for a year or more. Diagnosing the causes of female infertility involves numerous tests and a series of evaluations to determine the factors that contribute to infertility. Find out how female infertility is diagnosed from the best infertility specialist in Newtown.

Diagnosis of Female Infertility

  • Medical history and physical examination: The first step in the diagnosis of female infertility is a detailed review of the patient’s medical history and physical examination. The doctor will inquire about previous pregnancies, menstrual history, surgeries and any underlying health conditions that might impact fertility. A physical examination may also be done to assess the reproductive organs for signs of hormonal imbalances or infertility.
  • Hormonal evaluation: Hormonal imbalance affects the process of ovulation and fertility. Blood tests can help measure hormone levels, including luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, thyroid hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Imbalances in hormone levels may indicate conditions like thyroid disorders, PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and ovarian dysfunction.
  • Ovulation assessment: According to the best female gynecologist in Newtown, ovulation disorders are one of the most common causes of female infertility. Tracking ovulation with methods such as hormonal blood tests and basal body temperature chartings can help determine whether ovulation is occurring regularly along with the woman’s fertile window.
  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG): It is a diagnostic imaging test that helps evaluate the fallopian tubes and uterine cavity. A contrast dye gets injected through the cervix and X-rays are taken to assess the shape of the uterus and detect abnormalities like polyps, uterine fibroids or blockages in the fallopian tubes.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound: It enables the detailed examination of the pelvic organs, like the uterus and the ovaries. This can help detect ovarian cysts, structural abnormalities, fibroids and other conditions that impact fertility.
  • Laparoscopy: This refers to a minimally invasive surgical procedure that helps diagnose and treat some causes of infertility like pelvic adhesions, blocked fallopian tubes and endometriosis. In this procedure, a tiny camera gets inserted through a small incision in the abdomen, offering a direct view of the pelvic organs.
  • Genetic testing: For the assessment of chromosomal abnormalities, genetic testing may be recommended. This helps detect gene mutations associated with conditions like POI (Primary Ovarian Insufficiency) or hereditary conditions that impact fertility. 

If you are experiencing fertility challenges, it is recommended to consult an infertility specialist in Newtown. They can recommend diagnostic interventions to assess the underlying causes of infertility and address them effectively.